Phase 1 concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and get them ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills. This is the most important phase and if these aspects aren't embedded to create the foundation for all other phases children will struggle to grasp that letters have sounds and are used to read and spell.
Phase 1 has 7 aspects:
1.General Sound Discrimination- Environmental Sounds
2. General Sound Discrimination - Instrumental Sounds
3. General Sound Discrimination - Body Percussion
4.Rhythm and Rhyme
6. Voice Sounds
7. Oral Blending and Segmenting